Azeem al-Barkat, Mujaddid al-Deen al-Millat
Ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Al-Qadiri
Radi Allahu ta'ala 'anhu
Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem
As Salaatu was Salaamu Alayka Ya Rasulullah
A'la Hadrat's first Fatwa;
Marriage and Children;
Incidents of Knowledge;
Branches of Knowledge studied at his Fathers feet;
Other Branches attained from various Ulema;
Other Branches attained without ANY teacher;
Proficiency in over 50 branches of Knowledge;
Translation & Commentary of al-Qur'an;
Authority in the fields of Hadith;
A great Jurist of his time;
Imam Ahmad Raza's 'I'lm-e-Jafar';
Knowledge of Astronomy & Astrology;
A mathematical Genius;
Contribution to the field of poetry;
Bayat & Khilafat;
Mureeds & Khulafa;
Imam Ahmad Raza's second Hajj;
In the presence of the Beloved Prophet ;
Love for the Beloved Prophet ;
Love for Descendents (Sayyads) of the Beloved Prophet;
Imam Ahmad Raza's Adherence to the Sunnah;
Love for Sayyiduna Ghawth al-A'zam ;
Contentment & abstention from the outside World;
Mujaddid of the 14th Centry;
Previous known Mujaddids;
Jihad against the Beloved Prophet's insulters;
Titles bestowed upon A'la Hadrat by the Ulema of Makkah;
Titles bestowed upon A'la Hadrat by the Ulema of Madinah;
His Unique Memory;
Obedience towards Parents;
Respect towards the superior Ulema;
Respect for the Mosque;
Love and respect for Pilgrims;
Care for Children;
His Mystical Powers;
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu was born on a Monday, the 10th of Shawaal 1272 HIJRI (14th June 1856), at the time of Zuhar Salaah in a place called Jasoli, which is in the city of Bareilly Shareef, India.
A few days before the birth of Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu, his father, Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan Radi Allahu anhu, had a wonderful dream. He immediately disclosed this dream to his father, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan Radi Allahu anhu, who interpreted this dream by saying:
This was the good news that was given to Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan Radi Allahu anhu concerning the birth of none other than the "emerald from amongst the Treasures of Almighty Allah", the "sweet-scented rose from the fragrant garden of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam", Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu .
The date of birth of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was extracted by himself from the Noble Qur'an.
HIS FATHER: A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu's father, Hadrat Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan radi Allahu anhu, received his education at the hands of his father, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan radi Allahu anhu. He wrote more than 50 books, among them, "Suroorul Quloob fi Zikri Mouloodul Mahboob", which received a very high distinctive position amongst Islamic literature. The treatise is characteristic in its condemnation of the enemies of Islam, both internally and externally. A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu's father passed away in 1297 Hijri (1880) when he was 24 years old.
At the age of 3, A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu was once standing outside the Raza Masjid in Bareilly Shareef. An "unknown" person, attired in an Arabian garb, approached him and spoke to him in the Arabic language. Those who were present and witnessed this incident heard the young A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu converse with the person in pure Arabic. They were surprised. The person who spoke to A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu was never seen again in Bareilly Shareef!
A Majzoob (one drowned in his love for Almighty Allah) by the name of Hadrat Basheeruddeen Sahib radi Allahu anhu used to live at the Akhoon Zada Musjid in Bareilly Shareef. He spoke harshly to anyone who visited him. A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu wished to meet this Majzoob. One night, at about 11 o'clock, he set off alone to meet him. He sat respectfully for about 15 minutes outside the Majzoob's house. After some time, the Majzoob became aware of him and asked, "Who are you to Mawlana Raza Ali Khan radi Allahu anhu." A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu replied that he was the grandson of Hadrat Raza Ali Khan radi Allahu anhu. The Majzoob immediately embraced him and took him into his little room. He asked A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu if he had come for any specific matter, but A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu said that he had come to ask him to make Du'a for him. On hearing this, the Majzoob, for approximately half an hour, made the following Du'a: "May Allah have mercy on you, May Allah bless you."
COMMENCEMENT OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION
Hadrats first fatawa
His father was so amazed and delighted by this in-depth reply that he assigned the young A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu the task of issuing fatawa's (Islamic Verdicts). For many years, thereafter, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu carried this very important duty with absolute dignity and responsibility.
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu began answering hundreds of fatawas daily. He received them in all languages - Arabic, Urdu, Persian, English and many other languages.
Professor Dr J.M.S. Baljon, Department of Islamology, (University of Leiden, Holland), when commenting about A'la Hadrat's Radi Allahu anhu answers to religious enquiries, said:
MARRIAGE & CHILDREN
Almighty Allah blessed A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu with 7 beautiful children - 2 sons & 5 daughters. Both his sons became eminent Islamic Scholars and great Awliyah-Allah. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu's eldest son, Hujjat al Islam, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Muhammad Haamid Raza Khan Noori Barakaati Radi Allahu anhu was very much efficient in Arabic and various other religious sciences. His features resembled his illustrious father. Hujjat al Islam Radi Allahu anhu left this mundane world on the 17th of Jamadi al-Awwal 1362 Hijri., while in the state of Salaah. His Mazaar Shareef (Blessed Tomb) is in Bareilly Shareef, India.
Ghawth al-Waqt, Huzoor Mufti al-A'zam al-Hind, Ash Shah Imam Mustapha Raza Khan Noori Barakaati Radi Allahu anhu, the younger son of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu studied primarily under the guidance of his elder brother. He also received education at the blessed feet of his father and earned himself a certificate of proficiency in religious sciences. Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind Radi Allahu anhu has approximately ten million Mureeds (Disciples) around the world. He is also regarded as a Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam of the 15th Century. He left this mundane world on the eve of the 14th of Muharram 1402 Hijri (1981). His Mazaar Shareef is also in Bareilly Shareef.
POINTING TO HIS IMMENSE KNOWLEDGE
A few days after the nikah of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, a certain person came to Bareilly Shareef. He presented a fatawa of Mawlana Irshaad Hussain Mujaddidi Radi Allahu anhu to Hadrat Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan Radi Allahu anhu for an answer. The fatawa bore the signatures of many Ulema.
After listening to the answers of
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, he began questioning him about his
qualifications. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu said that he preferred
teaching, engaging in fatawa work and writing books. He further asked
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu concerning his field of expertise. A'la
Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu replied by saying that he specialised in any field that was necessary at any given time. and this included debating the wahhabis.
Mawlana Abdul Haq heared this reply from A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, he remarked, "That crazy person from Badayoun is also in this
fanaticism." (He was referring to Mawlana Abdul Qaadir Radi
Allahu anhu. On hearing this, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu
anhu became offended and said, "Your father, Mawlana Fadhl-e-Haq
Khayrabaadi Radi Allahu anhu, was the first person to debate the
Wahabis, and he was the one responsible for writing a book against
Isma'il Delhwi. He called this book 'Al Fatawa Fi Butali
Mawlana Abdul Haq Khayrabaadi then said, "If, in my presence, you answer me in this way, then it will be impossible for me to teach you." A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu replied by saying, "I have already decided not to study under you, since for me to study under you will be an insult to the Ulema-e-Ahl as-Sunnah".
Mawlana Mufti Mazhar-ullah said: "Once, I enquired from A'la Hadrat about the holy sacrifice offered by Muslims. He, in his reply, described innumerable kinds of sheep which was a matter of surprise for me. I kept his letter with me. It so happened that Mawlana Kifaayatullah came to see me and by chance he saw the letter. He was astounded and said,
BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE STUDIED BY AT HIS FATHER'S FEET
BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF ANY TEACHER
The above are merely a few branches of knowledge in which A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu reached such great heights of proficiency that he was considered to be the inventor of that branch of knowledge! An example of this is to found in his book, "Ar Raudal Baheej fi Adaabut Takhreej", dealing with the 'Principles of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith'.
IN OVER FIFTY BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE
Contribution to the field of poetry
His naats were written within the boundaries of the shariah. Every stanza was filled with pearls of "I'lhaam". "I'lhaam" is that which is inspired by Almighty Allah into the hearts of the Awliya-Allah. Just as the Ambiya receive "wahi" or revelation, so do the Awliya receive "I'lhaam". Each verse and stanza of his poetry is the tafseer (commentary) of the Noble Qur'an and the hadith of Sayyiduna Rasulullah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. His poetry was mainly in the arabic, urdu, and persian languages.
Mawlana Qari Noor al Hassan, quoting the following stanzas from A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu's poetry:
Mawlana Sahib says that there are many illiterate and ignorant people, who look at the above stanzas and accuse A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu of praising himself in his poetry. This, he says, is not true and are mere baseless objections. He further explains.
Hadrat Hassan Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu, the younger brother of Sayyadi A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu, would often send his poetry to be corrected to Janaab Daagh Delhwi, who was a famous and distinguished poet of his time. Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu used to take the poetry of Hadrat Hassan Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu to Daagh Delhwi. One day, as he was about to leave for Dehli, A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu presented one of his naats to Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu and said, "Ask Daagh Delhwi to rectify this Qalaam." The naat which A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu sent begins with the following stanza:
When Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu reached Delhi and presented the naat to Daagh Delwhi, he looked at it and said, "This does not seem like the poetry of Mawlana Hassan Raza Khan. Whose is it?" Hadrat Hassnain Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu replied that it was written by A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu. On hearing this, Daagh Delhwi said ;
After saying this, he wrote the verse:
Imam Ahmad Raza's Mureeds & Khulafa:
Sadr as-Shariat, Hadrat Allama Amjad Ali Razvi Radi Allahu anhu : was
born in 1296 Hijri and passed away in 1367 Hijri at the age of 71
years. He is the author of the internationally renowned book, "Bahar-e-Shariat", which is in 18 volumes. This book contains a volume of
information dealing with the Hanafi Law of Fiqh and answers all the
questions pertaining to it. It is presently a "Handbook" of
all Muslim institutions. This khalifa of A'la Hadrat Radi
Allahu anhu was one of the Head Advisers of the Department of Islamic
Deeniyat at the Aligarh Muslim University. Moulvi Sulaiman Nadwi (a
non-Sunni) said the following words concerning Allama Sadr as-Shariat Radi Allahu anhu, "Mawlana Amjad Ali is totally
experienced in the field of teaching and he is well-versed in solving
the new needs of the classroom." Hadrat Allama Amjad Ali
Radi Allahu anhu also propagated Islam to the non-Muslims. He spent
much of his time teaching.
AHMAD RAZA'S FIRST HAJJ
Imagine the condition of that Lover of the Prophet or Aashiq-e-Rasool Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam who is blessed with the opportunity of visiting the Rawza-e-Aqdas [blessed shrine] of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam and placing his eyes on the doorstep of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. This opportunity of performing his first Hajj and Ziyarah was granted to A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu on the 26th of Shawwal 1295 A.H. (1876). He was 20 years of age.
day, after completing his Hajj, he went to perform his Maghrib Salaah
before the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim alayhis salaam. Having completed his
Salaah, the Imam of the Shafi'i order of Makkatul Mukarramah, Allama
Hussain bin Saleh Kamaal Radi Allahu anhu, approached him. He
clutched A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu by his hand and led him to his
house. The great Imam then placed his hand on the blessed forehead of
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu and said:
Without hesitation, he blessed A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu with the Sanad (Certificate) of Sahih Sitta (Six Compilers of Hadith: Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi and Nisa'i). He also began addressing A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu by the title of "Zia' al -Din" or "The Light or Splendour of Deen."
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was also blessed with the sanads of Ahadith from the Muftis of the Hanafi order in Makka t'ul Mukarramah, Allama Abdur Rahmaan Siraaj and Mufti Shaykh Sayyad Ahmad Dahlaan Shafi'i Radi Allahu anhum.
It was also during this historical visit that A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu informed the Ulema al-Haramain Sharifain concerning the blasphemous and corrupt beliefs of the Ulema-e-Deoband. Having studied A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu's books, "Aljaamu Sunnah Li Ahli Fitna" and "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad", which he presented to them, they also gave their verdicts on those who committed blasphemy and those who had written words of disrespect against Almighty Allah and His Beloved Rasool Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. The verdicts of the Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah and Madinatul Munawwarah were compiled to form the famous, "Husaamul Haramain." We have quoted a few of the fatawas from "Husaamul Haramain" later in this book.
IMAM AHMAD RAZA'S SECOND HAJJ
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu performed his second Hajj in 1323 Hijri. (1905). He was 49 years old.
On the 25th of Dhil-Hajjah, Sayyidi A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu once again had the opportunity of meeting the great Imam, Shaykh Saleh Kamaal Radi Allahu anhu. He also met Allama Sayyad Ismae'el Radi Allahu anhu and many other Noble Ulema, who showed great respect towards him.
It was on this occasion that Allama Shaykh Saleh Kamaal Radi Allahu anhu presented A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu with five questions pertaining to I'lm-e-Ghaib (Knowledge of the Unseen). These questions were posed on behalf of the Wahhabi Ulema of Makkatul Mukarramah. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu had to answer these five questions in two days.
In so happened that on the following day, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu contracted a heavy fever. In spite of his illness, he managed to answer all the questions relating to I'lm-e-Ghaib. In fact, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu presented such a detailed answer to the question of I'lm-e-Ghaib that it turned out to be a complete book on its own. He named this book, "Al Daulatul Makkiyah Bil Maadatil Ghaibiya."
The Learned Ulema of 'Haramain Sharifain' were totally astounded when A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu presented this book to them on time. He completed this book of approximately 400 pages in only 8 hours. It was also in the pure Arabic language. If one totals the numerical values of the Arabic letters in the context of this kitaab, "Al Daulatul Makkiyah Bil Maadatil Ghaibiya," one would discover that they amount to 1323. It was the same year, that is, 1323 Hijri., in which A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu performed his second Hajj!
IN THE PRESENCE OF THE BELOVED PROPHET Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam
It was during A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu's second visit to the 'Haramain Sharifain' that his aspiration to see the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam became very great. Continuously reciting the Durood Shareef with great veneration and humbleness in front of the 'Rawza-e-Mubarak' of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam, he felt confident of seeing the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam.
It was during the second night of his visit to the doorstep of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam that he was given the opportunity of actually seeing the blessed personality of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam. On that night, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, in a state of total submission, lifted his pen and began writing a naat in praise of Sayyiduna Rasulullah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam. The first line of that naat is:
The beautiful naat continues praising the Beloved of Allah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam and ends with the following verse:
Here, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu lowers himself to the extremes and addresses himself as the "dog" of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam. At this point, he was given the opportunity of seeing with his naked eyes the beloved personality of the Beloved Noble Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi Sallam standing beside the Rawza-e-Mubarak ...
Love for the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla
Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu spent every moment of his life praising the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. Everything he did was for the Pleasure of Almighty Allah and His Rasool Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam.
Professor Dr Abdul Wahid Halepota, Chairman, Council of Islamic Ideology, Government of Pakistan, said:
Once, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu went into the Raza Masjid in Bareilly Shareef. He was confronted by a majzoob, Hadrat Dhoka Shah Radi Allahu anhu. The majzoob said, "O Ahmed Raza! I see the power of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam only on the earth and not in the skies." A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, in turn, replied:
"The Power of Huzoor (Salla
Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) is on the earth and in the
The majzoob said that he could not see this. A'la
Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu said, "Whether you see it or not, it is
still present." The majzoob, in a highly spiritual state,
said, "Go! I have dropped him."
At that moment, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu, who was still a child, was playing on the roof of the house. When Sayyidi A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu reached the house, his mother came up to him and said, "You should know better than to argue with majzoobs. Look! Mustapha Raza has fallen off the roof." A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu enquired as to whether his son had been hurt or not. When he was told that he was not injured, he said,
some time, the majzoob returned and met Sayyidi A'la Hadrat Radi
Allahu anhu and said ;
It has been recorded that Hadrat Mawlana Naee'm al-Din Muradabadi radi Allahu anhu once asked A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu the reason from him being so severe upon those who disrespected Sayyiduna Rasulullah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu replied ;
The above mentioned incidents clearly highlight the following thoughts of A'la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu :
Dr Karrar Hussain, Vice Chancellor, Baluchistan University Quetta (Baluchistan) said: "I am impressed by his personality because it was he who gave pivotal role to the love and affection of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam without which, Islam is a body without a soul."
Also commenting on the great love that A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu had for Sayyadina Rasulullah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam, Justice Shamim Hussain Qadri, Punjab High Court, Lahore (Pakistan), said:
With tears in his eyes, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu fell at his feet and began asking for pardon. The sayyad continuously asked A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu to refrain from doing so but, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu continued asking for pardon, by saying, "Please forgive me. What would I do on the Day of Qiyamah [judgement] if the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam asks me concerning this incident, and says to me that I showed disrespect to his family?"
Imam Ahmad Razas adherence to the Sunnah
The following account clearly describes A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu's great trust and faith upon the Sunnah. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu narrates, "There was once a rumour in Bareilly, that the plague had appeared. Co-incidently, at that moment, my gums became extremely inflamed. It continued to such proportions that it became difficult for me to open my mouth. I also had a high fever, coupled with inflamed glands. The doctor who was called, looked at me closely for a few minutes. He exclaimed that I had the plague. I could not speak at that moment, or else I could have told him that his diagnosis was incorrect and false.
Whenever I saw a serious illness, I recited this du'a, therefore, I was protected against it, including the plague.
Love for Sayyadina al Ghawth al A'zam Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu possessed immense love for Sultan al-Awliya Sayyadina Ghawth al-A'zam, as-Sayyad Shaykh Abd'al Qadir al-Jilani Baghdadi radi Allahu ta'ala anhu.
His Holiness Hadrat Muhaddith al-Azam al-Hind Radi Allahu anhu reported that in the period when he was given permission to serve in the 'Darul Ifta' at Bareilly Shareef, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu bought sweets (niyaaz) to the value of 11 rupees and made the fatiha of Sayyadina Ghawth al-A'zam Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu. He then distributed the sweets to those who were present. While the sweets were being distributed, those who were present became astonished to see A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu standing up from his chair and kneeling down on to the floor in the tashahud position. They immediately came closer to him too see what had happened. Then only did they realise that the person distributing the niyaaz had dropped a little on the ground, and A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was lifting this piece of niyaaz with the tip of his blessed tongue!
It is recorded that A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu had a few acres of land in his possession. A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu left the entire maintenance of the land in the responsibility and trust of others. Although A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu received a monthly allowance from his own property, he spent his allowance in the service of guests, of sayyads and in the purchasing of books. There were times when A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu was left with only a few pennies in his pockets! But he never inquired about the income that he received from his few possessions. (Al Mizaan, pg. 335)
During the 'Khilafat Movement', Mahatma Ghandi was advised that he should meet with the distinguished Imam Ahmad Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu. This suggestion was made to Ghandi by people such as the Ali Brothers, Mawlana Qiyaam-udeen and Abd 'al Baari Faranghi. They said that since A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu commanded the respect of the large Muslim populace, it would assist them in their 'Khilafat Movement'.
When A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu was told that Ghandhi wished to meet and speak to him, he said,
Imam Ahmad Raza as the Mujaddid of the 14th Century
Undoubtedly, besides being recognised as a great wali, as the Ghawth al-A'zam and as the Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu anhum of his time, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was also the mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam of the 14th Century. He possessed all the conditions of a mujaddid and his entire life was spent trying to revive the Deen of the Most Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam.
A cloud of darkness had covered most of the world and the false concepts of polytheism (Shirk) and Innovations (Bid'at) were coming into existence. The Muslims were in a state of confusion. They were surrounded by the cloud of kufr (Disbelief), shirk and bid'at. It is through the Divine Grace of Almighty Allah and the sadaqah of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam that the Reviver of the 14th Century, 'Imam-e-Ahl as-Sunnat', Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu shone like the sun. With his bright proofs, he destroyed the darkness of kufr and revived Islam.
Professor Manzoor al-Din Ahmad, Vice Chancellor, University of Karachi said:
A hadith recorded in 'Mishkaat Shareef' and quoted by Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu anhu who says that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam said:
In other the words, when there comes a period in which there is a shortage of knowledge and a deterioration in following of the sunnah; when there is an increase in false innovations and ignorance; then Almighty Allah will send a person at the beginning or end of every century who will show the difference between sunnah and bid'at. He will refute and destroy false innovations and will fear none but Almighty Allah. He will very bravely and sincerely hoist the flag of Deen al-Muhammadi Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. Such a person is known as a "Mujaddid" (Reviver) of Deen.
The author of the book, "Siraajum Muneer", has explained who a mujaddid is in the following words:
Allama Munaadi Radi Allahu anhu states:
Question: Why does a mujaddid come after 100 years?
Question: Can their be more than one Mujaddid to a century?
Imam Ahmad Raza's Jihad against the insulters of Sayyadina Rasoolallah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu spent much of his time also refuting those who insulted the dignity of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. He left no stone unturned in safe-guarding the dignity and integrity of Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam, in spite of being personally attacked by the misguided. These personal attacks did not bother him in the least bit!
Allama Abdul Hamid, Vice Chancellor of al Jamia al-Nizamiyya (Hyderbad, India), said:
Justice Allama Mufti Sayyad Shuja'at Ali Qadri
Radi Allahu anhu, Shariah Court, Government of Pakistan (Islamabad),
The adversaries of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu levelled many accusations and tried desperately in defending their kufr statements. After much proofs, when it became absolutely clear to A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu that certain misguided individuals were not prepared in withdrawing their Kufr statements and making towbah, and in order to protect Islam, he passed kufr fatawas against those persons. We should remember that he passed the "fatawa-e-takfeer" (Kufr Fatawa) against those persons who insulted the status and dignity of Almighty Allah and His Rasool Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. He passed the 'Fatawa-e-Takfeer' on persons such as Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi and Khalil Ahmad Ambetwi and others because, through their writings, it was evident that they had insulted the Most Beloved Prophet of Allah Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam.
We will quote some of the following blasphemous statements that were made by them:
If one examines the original books that were written by such persons, one will find other similar disrespectful statements found in their writings.
A'la Hadrat's Radi Allahu anhu cautiousness in declaring a person a kaafir is to be noted in many of his books. In his book, "Subhaanus Subooh", he academically destroys the arguments of Molwi Ismail Dehlwi. Yet, at the end of the book, A'la Hadrat says, "The Ulema have not termed this individual as a kaafir, therefore, one has to be careful."
Once again, refuting the arguments of Molwi Ismail Dehlwi and a few of his "infamous" followers in another book, "Al Kaukabatush Sha'haabiya", A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu says, "In our opinion (the opinion of Islam), to term a person a Kaafir and to control one's tongue is an act of extreme precaution and analysis."
In another treatise entitled, "Sallus Suyooful Hindiya", A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu states: "There is indeed a difference between accepting words of Kufr and branding a person a Kaafir. We have to be extremely careful. We have to remain silent. If there is the minutest possibility that he is still a Muslim, we should fear terming that person a Kaafir."
In his book, "Subhaanus Subooh", Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu says, "We do not give any comment on the Kufr of Molwi Ismail Dehlwi, simply because Sayyiduna Rasulullah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam has warned us against terming the 'Ahle Qibla' as Kaafirs. (It is only possible) to term a person a Kaafir if his Kufr becomes clear as the sun and the minutest indication does not remain that he is a Muslim." (Tamheed-e-Imaan, pg. 42-43)
From the above statements, we clearly see how careful A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was, in terming a person a Kaafir. He was merely fulfilling his duty as a conscientious and responsible Muslim. The fault was indeed of those individuals, who even after being warned, remained steadfast in their own beliefs and words of Kufr.
As we have already stated earlier, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu sent many of the blasphemous and insulting statements to the Ulema of 'Makkatul Mukarramah' and 'Madinatul Munawwarah' for clarification. They did not hesitate in passing the 'fatawa of kufr' against such people who insulted Almighty Allah and the Most Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam.
"Almighty Allah grant Imam Ahmed Raza Khan great reward for he has given cure and has answered his decree which is in his book, "Al Mu'tamadul Mustanad", in which are also the decrees of the Ulema of Makkah and Madina. Due to the corruption and trouble, it has become necessary for them as they (the misguided) are spreading corruption on this earth. They and all those on their path.
"May Almighty Allah execute them where they behave arrogantly. May Allah give Imam Ahmed Raza glad tidings and shower His blessings upon him and his children amongst those who will speak truthfully until Qiyamah. Ameen."
One in need of forgiveness from his Powerful Creator.
Some titles bestowed upon A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu by the noble Ulema of Makkah t'ul Mukarramah
His Unique Memory
On one occasion A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu went to Pillibit Shareef and their he stayed with Muhaddith al-Surat, Hadrat Mawlana Wasi Ahmad Sahib radi Allahu anhu. Before leaving for Bareilly Shareef, A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu requested to borrow a kitaab called "Uqoodul Arya" from him. As there was only one copy of the book he gave A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu the book and said, "After studying the book, please return it as these are the only few kitaabs that I have for fatawa writing."
A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu was supposed to depart from Pillibit Shareef that night, but since he had been invited at another person's home, he stayed one more night in Pillibit Shareef. A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu spent the entire night studying this kitaab, which consisted of numerous volumes.
The following morning, before leaving for the Railway Station to meet A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu, Hadrat Muhaddith al-Surat radi Allahu anhu found that the kitaab that he had lent A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu had been returned. He thought that A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu was angry and displeased with him for asking him to return the kitaab quickly. He immediately went to A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu and asked for pardon. A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu smiled and then said, "That is not the reason for returning the kitaab. I stayed one more night, so I studied the book and, therefore, did not find the need to take it with me."
When Hadrat Muhaddith al-Surat radi Allahu anhu heard this he was surprised and exclaimed, "You have studied this book in one night!" A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu replied, "Insha-Allah, for the next 3 months I will not need to look at the book to find any statements, and as for the essence of the book, Insha-Allah, I will not forget it in my lifetime." He then said, "The book did not have a table of contents. I have drawn up one for you."
A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu was intially not a Hafiz al-Qur'an. Once, someone wrote a letter to A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu and addressed him as "Hafiz". When A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu saw this, he became depressed for he felt that he was not worthy of such a title. He immediately decided to become a Hafiz of the Noble Qur'an.
How did he become a Hafiz al-Qur'an? It has been stated that in the time period from Wudhu till the time of Jama'at, Hadrat Allama Sadr ash-Shariat radi Allahu anhu would recite one Sipara. A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu would listen to it and, thereafter, recite the same Sipara in the Taraweeh Salaah. He continued this routine for 30 days, and by the end of the month of Ramadan, A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu became a complete Hafiz of the glorious Qur'an al Hakeem!
the inner and outer personality of a A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu
anhu was the same. He never compromised when it came to
'Shariat-e-Mustafa' Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam. He used to
reprimand anyone who even uttered one word against shariah. He was
the living example of:
He never hurt the feelings of any good Muslim. He showed a tremendous amount of affection towards the poor and orphans as the following story clearly shows.
Heres another story on the character and personality of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu.
Professor Dr Mukhtarud'deen Arzoo, Dean of the Department of Arabic, Muslim University Aligarh, said:
Respect towards the superior Ulema
While studying the life of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, it is difficult not to comprehend that he was, towards the enemies of Islam, an example of "Ashidda'aoo alal kuffar" - 'harsh upon the kufaar'. Towards the pious Muslims he was the shining example of "Ruhhamaoo bainahuma" - 'caring towards each other'.
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu always showed immense love and respect towards the Ulema of the 'Ahl as-Sunnah wah Jama'ah'. He had a liking towards Allama Abdul Qaadir Badayouni Radi Allahu anhu. Concerning the 'Ulema-e-Haq', A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu always praised them with the following words;
Hadrat Mahdi Hassan Barkaati Radi Allahu anhu, the Sajjada-e-Nashin of 'Sarkaar-e-Kilan' Mahrerah Shareef states,
Subhan-Allah! Look at the respect and wisdom that A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu showed towards his superiors. He practised upon the law of "Amr bil Ma'roof Wa Nahi Anil Munkir" that is - '' forbidding that what is not proper and practising that what is good'' - and the same time showing great respect towards Hadrat Mahdi Hassan Barkaati Radi Allahu anhu.
Respect for the Mosque
Once, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was performing I'tikaaf in the masjid in Bareilly Shareef. It was a cold winter's night with very heavy rain. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu went to perform his wudhu. In order not to allow the masjid floors from becoming wet, he placed the blanket that he was wearing on to the masjid floor by folding it four times to soak in the water. He then made his wudhu on the blanket. Thus, he did not allow one drop of water to fall in the masjid. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu then spent the entire night shivering in the cold since he did not have a blanket to cover himself with because it was damp with water.
Love and respect towards pilgrims
A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu always showed great respect to pilgrims (Haji's). He made it his duty to meet with the Haji's when they arrived from the 'Haramain Sharifain'. Whenever he would meet a Haji, the very first question he used to ask was, "Did you visit the mazaar [shrine] of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam?" If the answer he received was in the affirmative, then he would kiss the feet of the Haji. If the Haji replied that he did not, then A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu would show his dissatisfaction and would end his conversation with that person.
His mystical powers
Without any exaggeration, an entire book on the karaamats (miracles) of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu can be compiled. In this time, the greatest karaamat that any person can display is his followance of Shariat-e-Mustapha Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu never fell short of this in any way. We also wish to state that, in reality, the mere existence of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was a miracle on its own. However, for the sake of attaining blessings, a few or his araamats are being quoted for the benefit of his lovers.
Works of Imam Ahmad Raza
Earlier in this page, we learnt that A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu gained proficiency in more that fifty branches of knowledge. With this, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu wrote many books on various aspects of Islam. A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was a genius writer. He wrote numerous books and treatises in arabic, persian, and urdu on diversified topics.
To date, it has not been fully ascertained as to exactly how many books he wrote, for in doing so, requires research and many personnel. There has risen, over the past years, many Islamic scholars in the Indo-Pak Sub-Continent and in other parts of the world, who are making serious attempts in studying or translating the works of this great mujaddid of Islam.
In 1887, at the age of 30 years, he had completed 75 books and treatises. In 1909, at the age of 43 years, this number increased up to 500. However, it has been estimated that the number of books written by A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu exceed on more than 50 branches of knowledge. Apart from these contributions, he had written annotations and commentaries on more than 150 books pertaining to various branches of learning.
Professor Dr Muhammad Hassan, Shaykh al-Adab, Islamia University, Bhawalpur, said:
From the many books that were written by A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, a table of 549 have been classified. The table is as follows:
Topic on which books was written & amount of books :
Total amount of books recovered = 549
The names of a few books written by A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu have been listed below:
Professor Abdul Shakoor Shad, Kabul University, Afghanistan, said:
His Divinely bestowed intelligence was such, that when A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu completed a quarter of any given book at the feet of a teacher, he used to study and memorize the remainder of the book by himself. It is recorded that he completed an Arabic commentary on the book, "Hidaayatun Nahw", on Arabic Syntax, when he was only 8 years old!
Comments by the Noble Ulema of Madinatul Munawwarah
Mufti Taaj' al-Din Ilyaas Hanafi Radi Allahu anhu :
Shaykh Malikiya, Allama Sayyad Ahmad Juz'iri Radi Allahu anhu :
Allama Khaleel bin Ebrahim Kharbooti Radi Allahu anhu :
Allama Mawlana Umar bin Hamdaan Radi Allahu anhu :
Sayyidina Shah Aale Rasool Radi Allahu anhu:
Hadrat Sayyad Shah Abul Husain Ahmad Noori Radi Allahu anhu:
Hadrat Allama Shaykh Sayyad Ali Hussain Shah ''Ashrafi Miya'' Kichauchawi Radi Allahu anhu:
Hadrat Mawlana Mu'eenuddeen Sahib Radi Allahu anhu:
Hadrat Allama Naee'muddeen Muradabadi Radi Allahu anhu:
Abul ala Maudoodi:
Ashraf Ali Thanwi:
Imam Ahmad Raza's Final Advice before his demise
Wisaal of Imam Ahmad Raza
The brightly shining 'Sun of Bareilly Shareef', 'The Coolness of the Eyes of the Ulema', 'The Mujaddid of the Century', 'The Imam Abu Hanifa of his time', 'The Ghawth al A'zam of his time', 'The Sweet-scented Rose from the Fragrant Garden of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam', SayyidI A'la Hadrat, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu left this mundane world on Friday, the 25th of Safar 1340 Hijri - [28 October 1921] at 2.38 p.m.. It was the exact time of the 'Jumm'ah Adhaan.'
The date of the wisaal of Sayyidi A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu was actually deduced by himself from the Noble Qur'an four months and twenty days prior to his passing away:
At the time of the demise of A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, a certain saint of Syria, dreamt of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam while he was in the 'Baitul Muqaddas'. In his dream, the saint saw many Sahaba-I'kraam Radi Allahu anhu m ajma'in seated around the Noble Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam. All of them seemed to be waiting for someone. The saint says that, in his dream, he asked, "Ya Rasoolallah! Whose presence is being awaited?" The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam replied, "Ahmad Raza Khan." The blessed saint then asked, "Who is Ahmed Raza Khan?" The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam answered, "An Aalim from Bareilly."
this saint awoke, he immediately journeyed from Syria to Bareilly
Shareef to meet A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, but to his dismay, he
learnt that A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu had already departed from
It is said by those true lovers of Sayyidi A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu that after he passed away he was spiritually transported to Madinat'ul Munawwarah to be close to the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam. They say this because once, A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu personally said:
The Mazaar Shareef [Blessed Tomb] of Sayyidi A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu is situated in the Mohalla Saudagran, Bareilly Shareef in India (U.P.). Each year, in the Islamic month of Safar, during the Urs [anniversary] Shareef of Sayyidi A'la Hadrat Radi Allahu anhu, hundreds of thousands of Muslims from all over the world present themselves in Bareilly Shareef to partake in the Urs Shareef of the Mujaddid of Islam, A'la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Radi Allahu anhu.
May Almighty Allah shower his choicest blessings upon the 'Mazaar al-Anwaar' of this great Saint and Scholar of Islam.
Impact of A'la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan on the World Today
Hadrat Mawlana Ahmad Raza Khan radi Allahu anhu, an eminent jurist, also known as 'A'la Hadrat' was born at Bareilly, India in 1856. He completed the Noble
Quran at the age of four and became astonishingly well-versed in more than fifty
branches of learning, pertaining to 'Ancient Sciences', 'Current Sciences' and
'Oriental Learnings' and left contributions in all these academic
At Makkah Mu'azzama and Madina Munawwara, he was visited by many scholars who received diplomas and fatawas from him. Due to his distinction in this field, the Islamic world acknowledged him as a great Jurist. The renowned poet of the East, Dr. Allama Iqbal, remarked ;
Despite being well-versed in scores of branches of knowledge, he restricted his interest to the following branches:
In short, he was a Jurist, Theologian and a Reformer whose life revolved around the motto "Love the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alyhi wa sallam." In recognition of this eminent personalities life, the following researches are being carried out by these individuals, amongst others:
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1. 'A'la Hadrat' radi Allahu anhu by Abdun Na'eem Azeezi
2. 'Al Kaukabatush Shahabiya' by A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu
3. Al Malfooz - by Huzoor Mufti al-A'zam al-Hind radi Allahu anhu
4. 'Al Mujad'did Ahmad Raza' by Allama Yaseen Akhtar
5. 'Ash Shah Ahmad Raza Barelvi' by Mufti Ghulam Sarwar Qadri
6. 'Chaudwi Sadi ke Mujad'did al-A'zam' by Allama Zafruddeen Bihari radi Allahu anhu
7. 'Hisaamul Haramain' by A'la Hadrat radi Allahu anhu
8. 'Imam Ahmad Raza aur Alam-e-Islam' by Professor Mas'ud Ahmad
9. 'Imam Ahmad Raza Kaun?' by Mawlana Mubeen-ul-Hudda Noorani
10. 'Imam Ahmad Raza Reflections & Impressions', by Prof. Dr Muhammad Masud Ahmd M.A. PH.D. - Courtesy of
Idara-i- Tahqeeqat-e-Imam Ahmad Raza (Regd.), Karachi, Pakistan
11. 'Imam-e-Naath Goyaa' by Allama Akhtarul Haamidi
12. 'Karamaat-e-A'la Hadrat' by Iqbal Ahmad Razvi
13. 'Shah Ahmed Rida Khan' - The "Neglected Genius of the East" by Professor Muhammad Ma'sud Ahmad - Courtesy of "The Muslim Digest", May/June, 1985, pp. 223-230
14. 'Tajaliyaat-e-Imam Ahmad Raza' by Qari Amaanat Rasool Razvi
15. The Message International, published by World Islamic Mission, Vol.1 No. 6, October 1986